Wilbur Scoville, a pharmacologist, invented the Scoville scale in 1912 to measure the pungency of peppers and chillies, generally related to their capsaicin content. To establish a chilli pepper’s rating, Scoville would prepare it in a solution, which was then tested by five people. He increased its dilution until the sensation of heat disappeared. The score on the scale represents the level of dilution required for the sensation of heat to disappear completely.
Emulsions have long since been one of our favourite kinds of food. They are a blend of two liquids that would normally not mix together. Two great classics of our culinary heritage illustrate this perfectly.
Milk has been part of a symbiotic relationship between humans and animals spanning thousands of years. Consumption of milk is closely linked to domestication and has enabled humans to create a wide range of consumer products in all sorts of regional variations across the world.